How the Technology in Oil Production Has Evolved Over the Years
There have been significant changes in technology in the production of oil since its first production as you will read more here. Since oil is an essential commodity for the survival of man, a look into the changes in technology in production is a good idea. Traditionally, people in Mesopotamia used bitumen to make boats and hold earrings, necklaces, and bangles together. The pharaohs in Egypt used the substance to make the pyramids stand tall. Bitumen, asphalt and mortar although did not require drilling, were the substances that led to the discovery of oil.
The first method used to extract oil was by digging up the soil to reach the oil. The people living in this period used oil to heal diseases, light their lamps and heat their houses. There was not much knowledge of oil and the people came up with myths about the earth releasing gases and liquids.
The technology that followed drilling was the use of spring poles. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. The importance of oil was still not known to people at this time even though they knew it was a multipurpose commodity. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. A Yale chemist Benjamin Silliman discovered more about how oil could be converted into kerosene that is used for lighting lamps. After the discovery by Benjamin, there was more interest in this product and commercial extraction could be seen as you’ll see here.
As you learn more about how the demand for oil surged in this website. The number of oil deposits discovered in the earth increased. During the drilling process there were sediments that obstructed extraction of oil and the need for better machinery came up. Thus the rotary whose drill head went deeper past the sediment without the need to clear the debris constantly was developed. One event that marked how effectiveness of the rotary drill in the process of oil extraction was observed in Texas when a rig struck a rock resulting into a lot of oil flowing to the surface. Because the world was getting ready for the first war, the need for oil skyrocketed leading to the development of better oil tools as a result of competition. The most important aspect of the rotary drilling method was to extract oil found very deep into the earth.
At the moment as we learn more here, rotary rigs are still in use for extracting oil. Besides been in use, the equipment has had significant changes technologically to improve efficiency. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.